Evidence for the Evolutionary Model

Subtitle

{II} Endogenous Retroviruses: The Three Layers of ERV Evidence for Common Ancestry Add Video

First Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xIAd8Zx_JKY

 

The script for this video is an article I wrote for my website:

ERVs: http://www.evolutionarymodel.com/ervs.htm

Homepage: http://evolutionarymodel.com/

 

Series References:

 

Download zipped folder of PDFs: http://www.mediafire.com/file/eutzygv5okt/erv_refs.zip

 

Anderssen, S., E. Sjøttem, G.Svineng, and T. Johansen. "Comparative Analyses of LTRs of the ERV-HFamily of Primate-Specific Retrovirus-like Elements Isolated from Marmoset,African Green Monkey, and Man."Virology 234.1 (1997): 14-30.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9234943

 

Belshaw, R., V. Pereira, A.Katzourakis, G. Talbot, J. Paces, A. Burt, and M. Tristem. "Long-termreinfection of the human genome by endogenous retroviruses." Proceedingsof the National Academy of Sciences USA 101.14 (2004): 4894-899.

http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pubmed&pubmedid=15044706

 

Boeke, J. D., and J. P.Stoye. "Retrotransposons, endogenous retroviruses and the evolution ofretroelements." (1997). In. Coffin, J. M., S. H. Hughes, and H. E. Varmus.Retroviruses. New York: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 1997.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=rv.chapter.3430

 

Cann, Alan."Retroviruses." MicrobiologyBytes. Web. 26 Oct. 2009.

http://www.microbiologybytes.com/virology/Retroviruses.html

 

Cohen, C. J., W. M. Lock, andD. L. Mager. "Endogenous retroviral LTRs as promoters for human genes: acritical assessment." Gene 448.2 (2009): 105-14.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19577618

 

Dangel, A. W., B. J. Baker,A. R. Mendoza, and C. Y. Yu. "Complement component C4 gene intron 9 as aphylogenetic marker for primates: long terminal repeats of the endogenousretrovirus ERV-K(C4) are a molecular clock of evolution." Immunogenetics42.1 (1995): 41-52.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7797267

 

Dunlap, K. A., M. Palmarini,M. Varela, R. C. Burghardt, K. Hayashi, J. L. Farmer, and T. E. Spencer."Endogenous retroviruses regulate periimplantation placental growth anddifferentiation." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 103.39 (2006): 14390-5.

http://www.pnas.org/content/103/39/14390.full

 

Hughes, J. F., and J. M.Coffin. "Human endogenous retroviral elements as indicators of ectopic recombinationevents in the primate genome." Genetics 171 (2005): 1183-194.

http://www.genetics.org/cgi/content/abstract/genetics.105.043976v1

 

International Human GenomeSequencing Consortium. "Initial sequencing and analysis of the humangenome." Nature 409.6822 (2001): 860-921.

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v409/n6822/full/409860a0.html

 

Johnson, W. E., and J. M.Coffin. "Constructing primate phylogenies from ancient retrovirussequences USA." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences96.18 (1999): 10254-0260.

http://www.pnas.org/content/96/18/10254.full

 

Lebedev, Y. B., O. S.Belonovitch, N. V. Zybrova, P. P. Khil, S. G. Kurdyukov, T. V. Vinogradova, G.Hunsmann, and E. D. Sverdlov. "Differences in HERV-K LTR insertions inorthologous loci of humans and great apes." Gene 247.1-2 (2000):265-77.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10773466?dopt=Abstract

 

Mitchell, R. S., B. F.Beitzel, A. R. Schroder, P. Shinn, H. Chen, C. C. Berry, J. R. Ecker, and F. D.Bushman. "Retroviral DNA integration: ASLV, HIV, and MLV show distincttarget site preferences." PLoS Biology 2.E234 (2004).

http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pubmed&pubmedid=15314653

 

Polavarapu, N., N. J. Bowen,and J. F. McDonald. "Identification, characterization and comparative genomicsof chimpanzee endogenous retroviruses." Genome Biology 7.R51 (2006).

http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1779541

 

Skinner, L. M., M. Sudol, A.L. Harper, and M. Katzman. "Nucleophile Selection for the EndonucleaseActivities of Human, Ovine, and Avian Retroviral Integrases." Journalof Biological Chemistry 276.1 (2001): 114-24.

http://www.jbc.org/cgi/content/full/276/1/114

 

Murcia, P. R., F. Arnaud, and M. Palmarini. "Thetransdominant endogenous retrovirus enJS56A1 associates with and blocksintracellular trafficking of Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus Gag." J Virol.81.4 (2007): 1762-72.

http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/81/4/1762

 

Steinhuber, S., M. Brack, G.Hunsmann, H. Schwelberger, M. P. Dierich, and W. Vogetseder. "Distributionof human endogenous retrovirus HERV-K genomes in humans and differentprimates." Human Genetics 96.2 (1995): 188-92.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7635468

 

Targeting HIV replication. Boehringer Ingelheim. Web. 3 Nov. 2009.

http://hiv.boehringer-ingelheim.com/com/HIV/Information_material/popup_video1.htm 


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