Evidence for the Evolutionary Model


{I} Endogenous Retroviruses: Life-Cycle and Ancestral Implications Add Video

Second Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_kfLo4Wd6cc


The script for this video is an article I wrote for my website:

ERVs: http://www.evolutionarymodel.com/ervs.htm

Homepage: http://evolutionarymodel.com/


Series References:


Download zipped folder of PDFs: http://www.mediafire.com/file/eutzygv5okt/erv_refs.zip


Anderssen, S., E. Sjøttem, G.Svineng, and T. Johansen. "Comparative Analyses of LTRs of the ERV-HFamily of Primate-Specific Retrovirus-like Elements Isolated from Marmoset,African Green Monkey, and Man."Virology 234.1 (1997): 14-30.



Belshaw, R., V. Pereira, A.Katzourakis, G. Talbot, J. Paces, A. Burt, and M. Tristem. "Long-termreinfection of the human genome by endogenous retroviruses." Proceedingsof the National Academy of Sciences USA 101.14 (2004): 4894-899.



Boeke, J. D., and J. P.Stoye. "Retrotransposons, endogenous retroviruses and the evolution ofretroelements." (1997). In. Coffin, J. M., S. H. Hughes, and H. E. Varmus.Retroviruses. New York: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 1997.



Cann, Alan."Retroviruses." MicrobiologyBytes. Web. 26 Oct. 2009.



Cohen, C. J., W. M. Lock, andD. L. Mager. "Endogenous retroviral LTRs as promoters for human genes: acritical assessment." Gene 448.2 (2009): 105-14.



Dangel, A. W., B. J. Baker,A. R. Mendoza, and C. Y. Yu. "Complement component C4 gene intron 9 as aphylogenetic marker for primates: long terminal repeats of the endogenousretrovirus ERV-K(C4) are a molecular clock of evolution." Immunogenetics42.1 (1995): 41-52.



Dunlap, K. A., M. Palmarini,M. Varela, R. C. Burghardt, K. Hayashi, J. L. Farmer, and T. E. Spencer."Endogenous retroviruses regulate periimplantation placental growth anddifferentiation." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 103.39 (2006): 14390-5.



Hughes, J. F., and J. M.Coffin. "Human endogenous retroviral elements as indicators of ectopic recombinationevents in the primate genome." Genetics 171 (2005): 1183-194.



International Human GenomeSequencing Consortium. "Initial sequencing and analysis of the humangenome." Nature 409.6822 (2001): 860-921.



Johnson, W. E., and J. M.Coffin. "Constructing primate phylogenies from ancient retrovirussequences USA." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences96.18 (1999): 10254-0260.



Lebedev, Y. B., O. S.Belonovitch, N. V. Zybrova, P. P. Khil, S. G. Kurdyukov, T. V. Vinogradova, G.Hunsmann, and E. D. Sverdlov. "Differences in HERV-K LTR insertions inorthologous loci of humans and great apes." Gene 247.1-2 (2000):265-77.



Mitchell, R. S., B. F.Beitzel, A. R. Schroder, P. Shinn, H. Chen, C. C. Berry, J. R. Ecker, and F. D.Bushman. "Retroviral DNA integration: ASLV, HIV, and MLV show distincttarget site preferences." PLoS Biology 2.E234 (2004).



Polavarapu, N., N. J. Bowen,and J. F. McDonald. "Identification, characterization and comparative genomicsof chimpanzee endogenous retroviruses." Genome Biology 7.R51 (2006).



Skinner, L. M., M. Sudol, A.L. Harper, and M. Katzman. "Nucleophile Selection for the EndonucleaseActivities of Human, Ovine, and Avian Retroviral Integrases." Journalof Biological Chemistry 276.1 (2001): 114-24.



Murcia, P. R., F. Arnaud, and M. Palmarini. "Thetransdominant endogenous retrovirus enJS56A1 associates with and blocksintracellular trafficking of Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus Gag." J Virol.81.4 (2007): 1762-72.



Steinhuber, S., M. Brack, G.Hunsmann, H. Schwelberger, M. P. Dierich, and W. Vogetseder. "Distributionof human endogenous retrovirus HERV-K genomes in humans and differentprimates." Human Genetics 96.2 (1995): 188-92.



Targeting HIV replication. Boehringer Ingelheim. Web. 3 Nov. 2009.





Posted by Jon on April 2, 2010 at 1:43 AM 12415 Views

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